A person is subject to a continuous life rhythm, in which he experiences physical activity of varying complexity. From this, in the first place, the spine suffers.
In many cases, there is a violation of the functionality of individual segments, pain is observed (including in the sternum), osteochondrosis progresses. The diagnosis is unpleasant, moreover, it often leads to disability. How to treat thoracic osteochondrosis?
Thoracic osteochondrosis is a pathology in which degenerative-dystrophic disorders occur in the thoracic spine. As a rule, the cervical and lumbar compartment is most often affected. Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region develops much less frequently and this is explained by anatomical features: the vertebrae are much thicker here and, moreover, they are additionally fixed by the sternum and ribs.
At the initial stage of pathology development, characteristic symptoms do not appear immediately. Due to the lack of mobility, in comparison with the cervical and lumbar spine, pain appears at later stages.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is considered the most dangerous and the prognosis becomes more difficult if degenerative disorders of other parts of the spine are present. The disease affects cartilage, connective and muscle tissue, which causes a number of other, no less dangerous pathologies.
|First degree||The patient is usually not worried about anything. Nevertheless, there is a decrease in the IVD height (they lose their elasticity), and there are also changes in the structure of the fibrous ring of the spinal disc and fibrous tissue.|
|Second degree||The height of the intervertebral discs continues to decrease, the spinal column loses mobility, which is a predisposing factor for the development of a hernia. There is soreness in the ribs, lumbago between the shoulder blades, and there is also a slight stiffness in movements.|
|Third degree||The pain syndrome intensifies, at this stage a hernia develops (the nucleus pulposus is displaced with rupture of the annulus fibrosus).|
|Fourth degree||The intervertebral discs completely lose their elasticity and become non-functional. Bone tissue is destroyed. The soreness is very pronounced.|
Pain can radiate to the shoulder, shoulder blade, mammary gland, heart and peritoneal region. There is often a feeling of a lump in the throat, especially after physical exertion or nervous tension.
In many cases, osteochondrosis does not develop on its own, but occurs due to the impact on the spine of negative factors and / or diseases.
Factors causing osteochondrosis are often combined. This significantly complicates treatment and further predictions for recovery.
Due to the fact that the disease is initially asymptomatic, patients go to the doctor at later stages of the development of pathology, when degenerative and often irreversible disorders of the intervertebral discs occur. Nevertheless, if you approach the solution of this problem correctly, you can successfully enter into long-term remission.
Today, there are many methods that successfully correct osteochondrosis. The patient needs to set himself up for long-term therapy and daily follow a number of recommendations. So, how to treat osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine.
The patient is prescribed a number of drugs that can not only reduce pain sensitivity, but also restore damaged bone and cartilage structures. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the table "How to cure thoracic osteochondrosis with drugs. "
|Pharmacological group, drug name||Drug action|
|Proteolytic plant enzyme||The drug has a positive effect on connective tissue, accelerates the regeneration of cartilaginous elements in the intervertebral space.|
|Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs||The drugs are prescribed in the form of tablets, intramuscular injections, as well as ointments and gels, which should be rubbed into the painful area. Medications are not addictive, so they can be used regularly without increasing the dosage. The action of the drugs is based on removing the inflammatory process and reducing pain.|
|Chondroprotectors||Medicines help restore cartilage tissue, stimulate anabolic processes, increase the synthesis of proteoglycans (complex proteins) and collagen.|
|Muscle relaxants||The action is aimed at relieving muscle stiffness, thereby reducing soreness. The drugs eliminate pathological tension in skeletal muscles by partially blocking brain signals from the central nervous system to the affected area.|
|Antispasmodics||The drugs relieve spastic pain from skeletal muscles. When choosing means, it is advisable to take into account that they do not affect the clarity of the mind and the respiratory center.|
|Vitamins of group B||Improve the nutrition of nerve tissues, increase protein metabolism, provide elasticity of cartilage, and increase muscle mass.|
Many patients are interested in how to relieve an attack of chest osteochondrosis? With severe pain, a circular and paravertebral blockade is prescribed.
An injection is made along the midline between the vertebral processes, or the drug is injected into the area where the spinal nerves exit from the intervertebral foramen. The advantage of this method lies in the rapid and pronounced analgesic effect by acting directly on the nerve fibers and endings.
Manual therapy is a system of manual techniques aimed at correcting pathological manifestations that have formed as a result of disorders in muscle, cartilage or bone tissue. The main goal of treatment for thoracic osteochondrosis is to return the intervertebral discs and vertebrae to the anatomical position.
Proper spinal action helps to improve local circulation. This is a very important aspect, since when the blood flow is disturbed, there is a lack of muscle nutrition, which causes spasm and soreness in them.
Manual therapy will have a therapeutic effect only on the first, second or third degree of breast osteochondrosis. In the fourth degree, such treatment will be ineffective.
In addition, when choosing a "manual" exposure, it is important to consult a good specialist. Insufficient practice of a doctor (or pseudo doctor) can lead to such negative consequences as poor circulation, fracture of the vertebral body, rupture of muscles and / or ligaments.
Massage is one of the most effective non-drug methods of treating chest osteochondrosis. The procedure should be carried out in courses, 10-14 sessions in each, after 2-3 months until the general condition improves.
The massage is performed in the subacute and chronic stages of degenerative changes in the spine. The procedures are prescribed on the third or fourth day after the started medication.
The first sessions are gentle. This is necessary in order for the muscles to adapt to the forthcoming loads. To increase the effectiveness, it is recommended to combine massage with physiotherapeutic procedures such as electrophoresis, amplipulse, darsonvalization and magnetotherapy.
Physical activity allows most patients to eliminate stagnant processes in the vessels, which reduces the irritability of the nerve roots. Regular exercise therapy will strengthen the back muscles - this is necessary to relieve the spinal column.
How to cope with chest osteochondrosis using gymnastics?
To get good results, you need to exercise at least four months.
When the muscle corset gets stronger, the doctor will suggest other, more challenging exercises. Regular exercise of physiotherapy exercises will allow you to get a lasting result.
In the last stages of osteochondrosis, when conservative treatment has not brought the desired result, an operation is prescribed. Surgical intervention is performed in two stages: at the first, the cause of the pain syndrome is removed, at the second, the spine is stabilized.
After the necessary manipulation, the doctors proceed to the second stage of the operation, the purpose of which is to fix the vertebrae. As a rule, spinal fusion is used.
This method provides for the creation of immobility (fusion) of adjacent vertebrae by placing a graft between them and special biological elements that stimulate the restoration of bone tissue. For details on the operation - watch the video in this article.
Osteochondrosis responds well to treatment in the early stages of development. It is important if pain occurs (especially if there are predisposing factors) in the thoracic region in the coming days to visit a specialist. The doctor, based on the diagnostic data, will select the optimal treatment, which must be carefully followed in order to maintain a healthy back.